Harry S. Truman Photo Framed Harry S. Truman (1884 – 1972) was the 33rd President of the United States (1945–1953). Succeeded to the Presidency on April 12, 1945, when Roosevelt died. Successfully concluded World War II. Truman's decision to use nuclear weapons against Japan led to a speedy end of the war. but remains controversial. His presidency was a turning point in foreign affairs, as the nation supported an internationalist foreign policy in conjunction with European allies. Working closely with Congress, Truman assisted in the founding of the United Nations, issued the Truman Doctrine to contain communism, and passed the $12 billion Marshall Plan to rebuild Europe. He oversaw the Berlin Airlift in 1948 and the creation of NATO in 1949. A color print of his painted portrait, matted and framed as shown.